limestone weathering on historical monuments in cairo egypt

Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo,

2003-9-15  Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt BERND FITZNER, KURT HEINRICHS DENNIS LA BOUCHARDIERE Geological Institute, Aachen University, Working group ’Natural stones and weathering’, Wuellnerstrasse 2, D-52062 Aachen, Germany (e-mail:[email protected])

Limestone weathering on historical monuments in

Download Citation Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt Since pharaonic times local limestones have been used in Cairo for monument construction. Weathering damage on ...

Limestone weathering of historical monuments in

Abstract. Since pharaonic times local limestones have been used in Cairo for monument construction. Weathering damage on many historical stone monuments in Cai

Limestone weathering of historical monuments in

The limestone weathering was assessed with respect o weathering forms, weathering products and weathering profiles. A classification scheme of weathering forms and their intensities was tailored to optimal applicability for all Cairo historical monuments constructed from limestones.

Limestone weathering of historical monuments in

Cited by: 54Limestone weathering of historical monuments in

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Limestone weathering of historical monuments in

Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt By Bernd Fitzner, Kurt Heinrichs and Dennis LaBouchardiere Publisher: Off. for Off. Publ. of the Europ.

Salt weathering in Egyptian limestone after laboratory ...

Spain. Limestone is one of the most frequent building stones in Egypt and is used since the time of ancient Egyptians and salt weathering is one of the main threats to its conservation. Most of the limestone used in historical monuments in Cairo is a biomicrite extracted from the Mid-Eocene Mokattam Group.

Dennis La Bouchardiere's research works RWTH

Weathering damage on many historical stone monuments in Cairo is alarming. Studies on properties and weathering behaviour of the limestones were carried out by means of laboratory tests and in ...

Garden Guides How Does Weathering Affect

2010-4-21  Natural Stones And Weathering: Limestone Weathering on Historical Monuments in Cairo, Egypt "Salt Weathering of the Brick Monuments in Ayutthaya, Thailand." Nobuaki Kuchitsu, Takeshi Ishizaki, and Tadateru Nishiura. 1999.

Salt weathering in Egyptian limestone after laboratory ...

Spain. Limestone is one of the most frequent building stones in Egypt and is used since the time of ancient Egyptians and salt weathering is one of the main threats to its conservation. Most of the limestone used in historical monuments in Cairo is a biomicrite extracted from the Mid-Eocene Mokattam Group.

Weathering Forms at Barqoq Monument, Old Islamic

Barqoq Islamic monument was built 1284 a, c., at old Islamic Cairo, east or Cairo, Egypt. Severe damage has been observed in the foundations of Barqoq monument. There are many weathering forms are observed such as flaking, crumbling, salt efflorescence's, granular disintegration, bad weathering, rock meal, as well as different types of cracks.

Garden Guides How Does Weathering Affect

2010-4-21  Natural Stones And Weathering: Limestone Weathering on Historical Monuments in Cairo, Egypt "Salt Weathering of the Brick Monuments in Ayutthaya, Thailand." Nobuaki Kuchitsu, Takeshi Ishizaki, and Tadateru Nishiura. 1999.

Enhancing the Durability of Calcareous Stone Monuments

2017-8-18  The limestone blocks (samples) were collected from the quarry of Mokattam limestone plateau east of Cairo city, one of the most important limestone quarries in Egypt. Most limestone blocks used in construction works of historical monuments in historic Cairo came from the Al-mokattam quarries.

The effect of the reciprocal relations of the ...

In the present study, since historic Cairo established, limestone and woods have been used for building construction alongside. The building materials representingcase studies in historic Cairo are affected by different deterioration factors, such as rising ground water level, the salt weathering, air pollution, frequency between temperatureandrelative humidity, and microbiological ...

Natural Stone, Weathering Phenomena, Conservation ...

Abstract. The weathering of historical buildings and, indeed, of monuments and sculptures of natural stone is a problem that has been encountered for hundreds

Natural stone, weathering phenomena, conservation ...

FITZNER, B., HEINRICHS, K. LA BOUCHARDIERE, D. Limestone weathering on historical 217 ; monuments in Cairo, Egypt ; ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M. FORT GONZALEZ, R. Characterizing the construction materials 241 ; of a historic building and evaluating possible presevation treatments for restoration purposes

Re-Assembly of Archaeological Massive Limestones

Vasconcelos, G. (2006) Experimental Investigations on Dry Stone Masonry Walls. 1st International Conference on Restoration of Heritage Masonry Structures, Cairo, 24-27 April 2006, 214-223. Fitzner, B., Heinrichs, K. and Bouchardiers, D. (2002) Limestone Weathering of Historical Monuments in Cairo, Egypt.

Damage quantification of built stone on Dark Gate ...

The Dark Gate is the monument of culture, part of the cultural and historical complex of the Belgrade Fortress. It is constructed of limestone blocks that after 270 years of exposure to environmental conditions and different anthropogenic influences show wide ranges of decay forms. During 2007, detail registration of all built limestone microfacies and weathering forms was done using tools of ...

The influence of temperature in a capillary imbibition ...

During this work, cylindrical limestone samples (2 cm diameter and approx. 4 cm length) from Mokattam group, one of the most frequent materials in historic Cairo, were subjected, in a purpose-made simulation chamber, to laboratory salt weathering tests with a 10% weight NaCl

Salt weathering in Egyptian limestone after laboratory ...

Spain. Limestone is one of the most frequent building stones in Egypt and is used since the time of ancient Egyptians and salt weathering is one of the main threats to its conservation. Most of the limestone used in historical monuments in Cairo is a biomicrite extracted from the Mid-Eocene Mokattam Group.

The effect of the reciprocal relations of the ...

In the present study, since historic Cairo established, limestone and woods have been used for building construction alongside. The building materials representingcase studies in historic Cairo are affected by different deterioration factors, such as rising ground water level, the salt weathering, air pollution, frequency between temperatureandrelative humidity, and microbiological ...

Natural Stone, Weathering Phenomena, Conservation ...

Abstract. The weathering of historical buildings and, indeed, of monuments and sculptures of natural stone is a problem that has been encountered for hundreds

[PDF] Natural Stone, Weathering Phenomena,

The weathering of historical buildings and, indeed, of monuments and sculptures of natural stone is a problem that has been encountered for hundreds of years. However, a dramatic increase in deterioration in the structure of our built heritage has been observed during the past century. To understand the complex interaction that the stone in a building suffers with its near environment (the ...

Re-Assembly of Archaeological Massive Limestones

Vasconcelos, G. (2006) Experimental Investigations on Dry Stone Masonry Walls. 1st International Conference on Restoration of Heritage Masonry Structures, Cairo, 24-27 April 2006, 214-223. Fitzner, B., Heinrichs, K. and Bouchardiers, D. (2002) Limestone Weathering of Historical Monuments in Cairo, Egypt.

The influence of temperature in a capillary imbibition ...

During this work, cylindrical limestone samples (2 cm diameter and approx. 4 cm length) from Mokattam group, one of the most frequent materials in historic Cairo, were subjected, in a purpose-made simulation chamber, to laboratory salt weathering tests with a 10% weight NaCl

Limestone Islamic Architecture Sedimentary Rock ...

2016-11-28  Limestone Islamic Architecture - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Mosque Architecture

Moisture dynamics in walls: response to micro

2002 Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt. Natural stone, weathering phenomena, conservation strategies and case studies vol. 205, Siegesmund S., Weiss T. Vollbrecht A. 217–239 London, UK Geological Society of London Special Publications. Google Scholar

World's wonders, worn down? Only one of the

2007-2-19  These colossal pyramids have stood in the desert outside of Cairo, Egypt, for more than 4,000 years. Ancient Egyptians built the tombs to honor their Pharaohs--the kings whom they believed to be gods. The blocks they used to build the pyramids were cut out of limestone, a sedimentary rock formed when layers of soil are deposited on top of each ...